As a musical ignoramus, I'm inclined to think of silence as simply an effect which is used in music; pauses for dramatic or comic effect. Beethoven uses silence in the opening of one of his string quartets, I'm sure he does, though I can't name it. A pair of peremptory chords followed by a pause. Were the pauses in the rondo finale of D959 piano sonata Brendel's or did Schubert score those moments where hesitancy and self-doubt seem almost to lead to the music's disintegration?
But some composers in more recent decades seem to treat silence as something more comprehensive or enduring than a brief effect in the flow of music. Is there a tradition of using silence in music that leads to this modern treatment of silence as integral to music?
What is the history of silence in music?